Tivanisiran - CAS 1848224-71-4

Catalog number: BRC-027

Tivanisiran, a siRNA used in dry eye disease research, is designed to silence transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1).

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SYL1001; RNA, (A-A-G-C-G-C-A-U-C-U-U-C-U-A-C-U-U-C-A), complex with RNA (U-G-A-A-G-U-A-G-A-A-G-A-U-G-C-G-C-U-U)

Reference Reading

1. Experimental Pharmacotherapy for Dry Eye Disease: A Review
Monica Baiula,Santi Spampinato J Exp Pharmacol . 2021 Mar 23;13:345-358. doi: 10.2147/JEP.S237487.
Dry eye disease (DED) is a complex multifactorial disease showing heterogenous symptoms, including dryness, photophobia, ocular discomfort, irritation and burning but also pain. These symptoms can affect visual function leading to restrictions in daily life activities and reduction in work productivity with a consequently high impact on quality of life. Several pathological mechanisms contribute to the disease: evaporative water loss leads to impairment and loss of tear homeostasis inducing either directly or indirectly to inflammation, in a self-perpetuating vicious cycle. Dysregulated ocular immune responses result in ocular surface damage, which further contributes to DED pathogenesis. Currently, DED treatment is based on a flexible stepwise approach to identify the most beneficial intervention. Although most of the available treatments may control to a certain extent some signs and symptoms of DED, they show significant limitations and do not completely address the needs of patients suffering from DED. This review provides an overview of the emerging experimental therapies for DED. Several promising therapeutic strategies are under development with the aim of dampening inflammation and restoring the homeostasis of the ocular surface microenvironment. Results from early phase clinical trials, testing the effects of EnaC blockers, TRPM8 agonist or mesenchymal stem cells in DED patients, are especially awaited to demonstrate their therapeutic value for the treatment of DED. Moreover, the most advanced experimental strategies in the pipeline for DED, tivanisiran, IL-1R antagonist EBI-005 and SkQ1, are being tested in Phase III clinical trials, still ongoing. Nevertheless, although promising results, further studies are still needed to confirm efficacy and safety of the new emerging therapies for DED.
2. The growth of siRNA-based therapeutics: Updated clinical studies
M May Zhang,José E Manautou,Theodore P Rasmussen,Xiao-Bo Zhong,Raman Bahal Biochem Pharmacol . 2021 Jul;189:114432. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2021.114432.
More than two decades after the natural gene-silencing mechanism of RNA interference was elucidated, small interfering RNA (siRNA)-based therapeutics have finally broken into the pharmaceutical market. With three agents already approved and many others in advanced stages of the drug development pipeline, siRNA drugs are on their way to becoming a standard modality of pharmacotherapy. The majority of late-stage candidates are indicated for rare or orphan diseases, whose patients have an urgent need for novel and effective therapies. Additionally, there are agents that have the potential to meet the need of a broader population. Inclisiran, for instance, is being developed for hypercholesterolemia and has shown benefit in patients who are uncontrolled even after maximal statin therapy. This review provides a brief overview of mechanisms of siRNA action, physiological barriers to its delivery and activity, and the most common chemical modifications and delivery platforms used to overcome these barriers. Furthermore, this review presents comprehensive profiles of the three approved siRNA drugs (patisiran, givosiran, and lumasiran) and the seven other siRNA candidates in Phase 3 clinical trials (vutrisiran, nedosiran, inclisiran, fitusiran, teprasiran, cosdosiran, and tivanisiran), summarizing their modifications and delivery strategies, disease-specific mechanisms of action, updated clinical trial status, and future outlooks.
3. Tivanisiran, a novel siRNA for the treatment of dry eye disease
Ana Isabel Jimenez,Javier Moreno-Montañés,Anne-Marie Bleau Expert Opin Investig Drugs . 2018 Apr;27(4):421-426. doi: 10.1080/13543784.2018.1457647.
Dry eye disease (DED) is characterized by an alteration of the tear film with ocular inflammation and neurosensory abnormalities. The main clinical signs of this condition are tear instability and ocular damage. Although DED has gained significant attention in the past few years, limited prescription treatment options are available for patients. Areas covered: The current manuscript summarizes the pre-clinical and clinical development of tivanisiran, a novel small interfering oligonucleotide of RNA (siRNA) used for the treatment of DED. Tivanisiran was designed to silence Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1); herein the chemistry and mechanism of action of this new compound is also described. Expert opinion: Drugs currently on the market mostly target the inflammatory component of the disease and show only partial efficacy. New compounds addressing other aspects of the disease would provide significant advantages and contribute to a more personalized treatment of the disease. Tivanisiran has been designed to reduce ocular discomfort and pain, and was shown to improve ocular hyperemia and tear quality in human and animal models. Consequently, if the results of the ongoing and future clinical trials meet their study endpoints, tivanisiran could be submitted to obtain approval for the treatment of DED.
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